We have previously shown the ability of a novel stationary phase to separate 55 amino acids without derivatization (LCGC 32(3), 211 ). One of the recurring comments we received has been that our samples were standards which could potentially
behave differently compared to samples derived from more complex matrices. Here, we show that the Intrada Amino Acid column
separates amino acids without derivatization in complex samples equally effective as it does for standard samples, with very
little change in retention time.
This new technology will undoubtedly prove to be a valuable addition to the industries currently analyzing amino acids, such
as nutritional supplements, clinical testing laboratories and cell culture monitoring. In this experiment we sought to prove
that our previous results with samples derived from standard amino acids are similar to those derived from complex sources,
further implicating the value of this novel stationary phase to these industries.
First, 0.5 mL of human serum (commercial grade reagent, Cosmo Bio Co. Ltd) was subject to protein crash with 0.5 mL of 0.4
N HClO4 and centrifuged (6000 rpms, 10 min). Supernatant was filtered (0.2 µm, Amicon Ultrafree-MC). Next, 5 µL of supernatant was
injected onto Intrada Amino Acid, 50 × 3 mm (length × i.d.). Eluent was ionized using ESI (SIM, positive), and analyzed by
LC–MS-2020 (Single Quad, Shimadzu Corp.). Other conditions are shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1: LC–MS: Separation of intact amino acids in human serum using Intrada Amino Acid.
Results and Discussion
Figure 1 shows separation of intact amino acids from human serum using Intrada Amino Acid column with a method optimized for
LC–MS. In addition to the separation of these amino acids by LC–MS, critical isobaric compounds (that is, Leu and Ile) are
chromatographically resolved. These results are shown here in samples prepared from standard compounds as well as those found
in human serum (Figure 2).
Figure 2: Comparison of intact amino acids separation in human serum (black lines, bottom) and standards (red lines, top)
using Intrada Amino Acid column. Separation conditions as in Figure 1.
As expected, the results in Figure 1 are comparable with previously published data for analysis using standards (LCGC 32(3), 211 ). While we were not able to include this previously published data here, we show comparisons of retention
times for three common amino acids (Figure 2). These data show that there is very little shift in the retention times whether
the sample is from a standard mixture or from human serum.
We did notice a trend that, while the elution order remains the same, less polar amino acids which elute early on this column
do show a slight difference in retention times, while strongly retained amino acids remain virtually unaffected. Specifically,
we found that these less-retained compounds are retained slightly better when coming from human serum. We are not sure why
this is the case, but it is likely that this is an effect of the complex matrix of the human serum sample. It could be an
interruption of the ionic interaction to a certain extent but this was not examined further in this work. This could be a
potential area for study in the future. Alternatively, it is also possible that the effect is not significant such that it
falls within the expected range of experimental variability.
In the work presented here, we show that there is no change in elution order or for the most part, retention times of amino
acids whether from a standard mixture or from human serum. Therefore, regardless of the source of the sample, amino acids
are reliably analyzed by LC–MS with the use of this new novel stationary phase. In summary, the Intrada Amino Acid column
provides excellent and fast separation of amino acids without the need of pre- or post-derivatization for both real life samples
with complex matrices as well as standards.
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