Christopher R. Bowerbank 1 , Tai V. Truong 2 , Michael Vincent 3 , Ann M. Hoffman 1 , Milton L. Lee 2 , and Douglas W. Later 1 , 1 Torion Technologies Inc., 2 Brigham Young University, and 3 Rocky Mountain Oils
Experimental ConditionsFrankincense, sandalwood, and corn mint were provided by Rocky Mountain Oils (Springville, UT). Essential oil extracts were prepared by dissolution in dichloromethane (~1% v/v). Sampling was performed by placing the CWF into the sample solution, with ~1 μL uptake by capillary action. The solvent was evaporated in air for 5 s, and the CWF syringe was inserted into the GUARDION®-7 GC-TMS injection port, desorbing the target analytes into a low thermal mass injector (270 °C) coupled with a capillary GC column (MXT-5, 5 m × 0.1 mm, 0.4 μm df [Restek, Bellefonte, PA]). After an initial 30 s hold at 40 °C, the GC temperature was increased at 0.3 °C/s to 250 °C, with a final hold for 100 s. The capillary GC is coupled to a TMS detector with a mass range of 45–500 m/z.
Figure 1 shows the GC-TMS chromatograms for two different sources of frankincense. Each sample is discernibly different based on the presence/absence of chemical compounds at specific retention times. Source #2 does not contain major compounds found at 6 min (p-allyl Anisole) and 10.2 min (caryophyllene oxide). Likewise, caryophellene (8.6 min) in source #2 is not found in as appreciable an amount as in source #1. This likely indicates that the samples are either from different sources, or that the original lot has undergone atypical aging or improper storage.
ConclusionsVOCs and SVOCs from essential oils can be quickly analyzed on-site using GC-TMS. Profiling of these compounds using the GUARDION-7 GC-TMS can support acceptance decisions of commodities at the source. The short GC-TMS analysis time allows the user to quickly analyze and evaluate multiple samples. VOC and SVOC marker screening can be used to verify raw material quality and/or identification.
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