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Stationary-Phase Optimized Selectivity in Liquid Chromatography (SOS-LC) for Pharmaceutical Analysis

Chromatographic method development for pharmaceutical analysis can benefit from in silico steered serial coupling of column segments containing different stationary phases of varying length. Contrary to column coupling through trial and error, in stationary-phase optimized selectivity (SOS)-based chromatography the retention of all solutes is predicted for all possible column combinations allowing a rational selection of the optimal column combination. The possibilities of the strategy now surpass the initial usage in isocratic high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on dedicated commercial column segments, and allow applications in gradient-, green-, preparative-, and in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) on conventional column hardware. Current possibilities, pharmaceutical applications, a downloadable algorithm, and weaknesses of the approach are discussed to allow broader implementation of this methodology in separation science.

GC: The State of the Art

In this extended special feature to celebrate the 30th anniversary edition of LCGC Europe, leading figures from the separation science community explore contemporary trends in separation science and identify possible future developments. We asked key opinion leaders in the field to discuss the current state of the art in gas chromatography instruments.

Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography for the Characterization of Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies at Protein, Peptide, and Glycan Levels

These are exciting times to be involved in monoclonal antibody (mAb) and biopharmaceutical analysis. Advances in instrumentation, column technology, and reagents are providing analysts with a new set of tools to broaden their understanding of the highly complex products they are studying. A good example is hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC). While the technique has been used for more than 20 years to profile enzymatically released and fluorescently labelled N-glycans, the introduction of new columns (sub-2-µm and widepore) has paved the way to explore the technique further. Remarkable separations at all levels of analysis, including protein, peptide, and glycan levels, have been demonstrated. With data from the authors’ laboratories, the versatility of HILIC in mAb analysis will be demonstrated in this month’s “Biopharmaceutical Perspectives”.