HS-GC analysis is presented as an excellent method for the analysis of high volatile components in e-liquids. For the analysis of semivolatile ingredients, an additional sample preparation step is proposed based on a LLE followed by a freeze-out of the matrix components.
Dispersion of analyte peaks outside of chromatography columns can seriously erode the resolution provided by good columns. Here, we focus on the contribution of the sample injection step to the total level of extracolumn dispersion in an LC system.
There is a need to use more descriptive and precise terms to describe some of the properties of the products used for biopharmaceutical analysis. It is probably more correct to say “low adsorption” and “corrosion-resistant” systems.
This article is the first of four on the bioanalysis of small-molecule drugs and metabolites by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS). In this article, we provide an overview of the fundamentals, workflow, regulations, and modern trends on these quantitative assays.