The Application Notebook-12-01-2006

The Application Notebook

The analysis of peptides and additives using a new HPLC innovative column technology, Pathfinder, was shown. For the analysis of flavours in lemon juice GC–MS with a new MS library, FFNSC, with linear retention indices was used.

The Application Notebook
Food and Beverage

December 02, 2006

Soft drink formulas often include preservatives, artificial sweeteners, flavours or caffeine in their list of ingredients. Using the Acclaim OA column, as many as eight common additives may be determined in a single run. Many of these additives are hydrophilic organic acids for which this column was designed. Notably, benzoate and sorbate, which do not resolve on C18 columns at low pH, are fully separated.

Accurate mass measurements are a key element of chemical characterization. However, the accepted mass accuracy tolerance of 3–5 ppm can still leave significant ambiguity in the proposed chemical formula. Consequently a further input from other analytical techniques such as NMR or MS/MS, along with some judgment based on the synthetic history is often required to arrive at a confident formula assignment.

The Application Notebook

Glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine] is a broad spectrum, non-selective herbicide, which acts by inhibiting the shikimic acid pathway in plants. Recent studies have raised global health and environmental concerns about glyphosate's use.1 Glyphosate readily breaks down into aminomethyl phosphonic acid (AMPA) in the environment; requiring accurate measurement. Both highly polar compounds present an analytical challenge to the chromatographer (Figure 1). Typical silica based reversed-phase C18 columns experience difficulty with the retention of such polar compounds, and may generate non-resolved co-eluting peaks, often with polar analytes eluting in the void volume. Traditional analytical methods require complex eluents and time consuming derivatization steps to achieve retention on a reversed-phase support.

The Application Notebook

Column lifetime is a more and more important issue when developing an analytical method for HPLC. Besides sample treatment, column cleaning and storage, operational parameters of the analytical method will have an influence on column lifetime. This question may not always be addressed early enough in the methods development process.