Among all the analytical techniques available for epitope mapping studies, hydrogen–deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) is usually the fastest and easiest to carry out. We present here the epitope mapping of three distinct monoclonal antibody (mAb) candidates targeting the same antigen, an interleukin receptor. The goal is to establish the binding mode of these mAbs, and explain possible differences observed for in vitro binding and in vivo function.
High-resolution mass spectrometry (MS) is not readily compatible with chromatographic techniques using high-salt mobile phases. This study presents the development and use of 2D-LC–MS via an on-line desalting step for the analysis of monoclonal antibodies and antibody–drug conjugates.