Chong-Feng Xu | Authors


Aggregate and Fragment Analysis in Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies Using On-Line Size-Exclusion Chromatography with Native Mass Spectrometry

Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), with the use of ammonium acetate buffer, can be coupled on-line to electrospray ionization MS for the characterization of size variants of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). A quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) MS system was employed, and the MS method was optimized to achieve favorable sensitivity for high-mass detection, while maintaining the structural integrity of the aggregates (or high molecular weight species) and fragments (or low molecular weight species).