Desiré L. Massart | Authors


Benchmarking for Analytical Methods: The Horwitz Curve

Analytical chemists are concerned with the quality of their methods and results. An important question in this context is whether the precision of a newly developed and validated method is up to standard. In other words: is the precision of the newly developed method comparable to what could be expected? This article looks at how the Horwitz equation can answer this. It also describes the results of an extensive study involving 10000 laboratories which indicates that the relative reproducibility approximately doubles for every 100-fold decrease in concentration and that, surprisingly, it does not depend on the type of material or method.

How Many Samples?

The sample size is determined by three factors: the size of the difference between the means that should be detected, the precision of the methods being compared and the significance levels at which the test is performed.