Vera Rogiers is professor emeritus of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). She has a Ph.D. in pharmaceutical sciences and was for many years head of the department of In Vitro Toxicology and Dermato-Cosmetology. She is currently the holder of the Chair Mireille Aerens for the Development of Alternative Methods at the VUB and the Director of the Innovation Center-3Rs (IC-3Rs).
HS-GC analysis is presented as an excellent method for the analysis of high volatile components in e-liquids. For the analysis of semivolatile ingredients, an additional sample preparation step is proposed based on a LLE followed by a freeze-out of the matrix components.