Nick Bukowski | Authors


A New Outlook on Soft Ionization for GC–MS

Despite the advantages of soft ionization ion-source technologies for improving confidence in the identification of a range of challenging analytes, soft ionization remains a niche technique for gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS).

TOF-MS: A Viable Solution for Crude Oil Extract Analysis

Crude oil is a generic term for the unrefined flammable liquid that is mined from the ground. It is an extremely varied and very complex medium that can contain many thousands of organic compounds, whose contents and concentrations vary enormously from one sample to another. This article discusses how recent advances in time-of-flight-mass spectrometry coupled with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography is helping the petrochemical industry to characterize crude oils more fully and so provide solutions to common problems experienced during drilling, extraction, and refining.