The Application Notebook-07-01-2008

The Application Notebook

The analysis of polar compounds in support of clinical and preclinical pharmacokinetic studies requires an analytical methodology capable of achieving ultra-low detection and quantification limits. The high sensitivity afforded by coupling HPLC with tandem mass spectrometry (MS–MS) has made it the technique of choice in this environment, but it is subject to the following limitations when reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) is used

Capillary flow technology (CFT) devices are microfluidic components that extend capillary GC capabilities through simple and robust connections between pressure/flow modules and columns. One of the most powerful and simple is the CFT Tee. This is especially useful in GC–MS analysis providing (1) rapid column and inlet maintenance without MSD venting and (2) the capability of rapidly removing late eluting interferences from the column by forcing their retreat into the injection port through "backflushing". Removing these interferences improves column and detector longevity and analytical integrity. Backflushing is very valuable for trace GC–MS analysis in samples from complex matrices like soil, foods or tissues. The CFT Tee uses pressure-pulsed injections and constant flow mode with minimal loss in the MS signal. This approach will be useful to all GC–MS users who want to improve their instrument uptime.

The Application Notebook

An effective UHPLC–MS method for high throughput separation, identification and quantification of pseudoephedrine was developed on a Hypersil GOLD PFP 1.9 µm, 2.1 Ã- 100 mm column.

A new APCI/APLI source enables a high resolution TOF-MS to be coupled on LC and GC, thus increasing flexibility and performance of TOF-MS in combination with GC.

The Application Notebook

Several common birth control formulations contain both drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol. A highly selective and sensitive analytical method for the analysis of drospirenone in human plasma has been developed for use in bioequivalence studies. The solid-phase extraction (SPE) and UPLC–MS–MS methodologies are described as well as performance against validation parameters.

PEGylation, the process by which polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains are attached to protein and peptide drugs is a common practice in the development of biopharmaceuticals to prolong serum half-life and improve pharmacokinetics of a drug. There is increasing demand for chromatographic methods to separate the modified isoforms from the native protein. This application note describes the use of size exclusion and ion exchange chromatography for the characterization of PEGylated lysozyme.

The Application Notebook

In March 2007, several North American manufacturers of pet food voluntarily issued nationwide recall notices for some of their products that were reportedly associated with renal failure in pets. The raw material wheat gluten, used to manufacture the pet food, was imported from China and was identified as the source of contamination.

The Application Notebook

This application note describes a fast and sensitive LC–MS method using a Hypersil GOLD column on a Thermo Scientific LC–MS system for the quantitative analysis of two widespread PFCs, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctansulphonate (PFOS).