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Fumonisins are naturally occurring mycotoxins produced by Fusarium mold species. Fumonisins contamination happens worldwide in many agricultural commodities, especially in corn, and is usually associated with dry and hot weather followed by periods of high humidity. Out of more than 10 types of Fumonisins, Fumonisin FB1 is the most prevalent and toxic, followed by Fumonisins FB2 and FB3. Fumonisins are classified as possibly carcinogenic for humans and also cause health problems in animals, especially in equids and swine. FDA sets total Fumonisins limits in human foods between 2–4 µg/g and in animal feed between 5–100 µg/g.
Figure 1: Chromatogram of corn sample contaminated with 0.17 µg/g of FB1 and 0.03 µg/g of FB2.
Figure 2: Chromatogram of mixed feed sample contaminated with 0.08 µg/g of FB1 and 0.02 µg/g of FB2.
Since Fumonisins don't have a chromophore and don't fluoresce, derivatization is needed to achieve the required sensitivity of detection. We developed a fast and sensitive HPLC method with post-column derivatization that is capable of analyzing Fumonisins in grains and animal feed at levels as low as 0.01 µg/g.
Figure 3: Chromatogram of barley sample spiked with 0.2 µg/g of FB1 and 0.07 µg/g of FB2.
To 25 g of finely ground sample add 2.5 g of NaCl and 50 mL of extraction solution. Blend at high speed for 5 min, filter through fluted filter. Take 10 mL of extract and add 40 mL of PBS solution, mix well, filter through microfiber filter. Load 10 mL of diluted extract to Immunoaffinity column, let the solution pass through at the flow rate about 1–2 drops/s. Wash the column with 10 mL of PBS solution, elute with 1 mL of methanol followed by 1 mL of DI water. Evaporate the solution to dryness under the stream of nitrogen, reconstitute in 1 mL of methanol–water (50:50). Inject 10–50 µL.
Figure 4: Chromatogram of safflower seeds sample spiked with 0.2 µg/g of FB1 and 0.07 µg/g of FB2.
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