Analysis of Intact Proteins on a Thermo Scientific Accucore 150 C4 HPLC Column

September 1, 2012

The Application Notebook

Volume 0, Issue 0

This application note demonstrates the analysis of intact proteins using a Thermo Scientific Accucore 150-C4 (150 ? pore diameter) HPLC column. Analysis of six proteins ranging in mass from 6 to 45 kDa is carried out in 15 min with pressures compatible with conventional HPLC instrumentation.

This application note demonstrates the analysis of intact proteins using a Thermo Scientific Accucore 150-C4 (150 Å pore diameter) HPLC column. Analysis of six proteins ranging in mass from 6 to 45 kDa is carried out in 15 min with pressures compatible with conventional HPLC instrumentation.

Accucore™ HPLC columns use Core Enhanced Technology™ to facilitate fast and high efficiency separations. The 2.6 µm diameter particles have a solid core and a porous outer layer. The optimized phase bonding creates a series of high-coverage, robust phases. The tightly controlled 2.6 µm diameter of Accucore particles results in much lower back pressures than typically seen with sub 2 µm materials. For the analysis of large biomolecules the Accucore pore size has been further optimized and a C4 phase with reducedhydrophobic retention has been prepared. This 150 Å pore size enables the effective analysis of molecules unable to penetrate into smaller diameter pores, whilst the low hydrophobicity C4 phase results in protein separation by hydrophobicity.

Chromatographic separation of proteins at the intact level prior to MS analysis is desirable for reducing sample complexity and maintaining global protein information. In this application note, we demonstrate the excellent performance of an Accucore 150-C4 HPLC column for the chromatographic separation of six intact proteins (6–45 kDa).

Thermo Scientific Column and Consumables

Accucore 150-C4, 2.6 µm, 100 × 2.1 mm

Vials and closures (P/N MSCERT 4000-34W)

Thermo Scientific Accela HPLC System

Flow rate: 400 µL/min

Run time: 15 min

Column temperature: 40 °C

Injection details: 2 µL (10 pmol/µL solution of each protein)

UV detector wavelength: 214 nm

Backpressure at starting conditions: 185 bar (c.f. 320 bar on sub 2 µm material)

Data Processing

Software: Thermo Scientific Xcalibur 2.0 SR2

Mobile Phase

Mobile phase A: 0.1 % TFA in 30:70 acetonitrile:water

Mobile phase B: 0.1 % TFA in 98:2 acetonitrile:water

Gradient: 0–30% B in 8 min, 30–95% B in 2 min, hold at 95% B for 1 min and re-equibrilate for 4 min

Results

Under these conditions, six proteins covering the mass range of 6 to 45 kDa can be separated on an Accucore 150-C4 HPLC column in less than 15 min with back pressures compatible with conventional HPLC equipment. The chromatography is shown in Figure 1 with all of the proteins eluting with sharp symmetrical peaks and being baseline resolved, with the exception of an impurity from carbonic anhydrase which co-elutes with lysozyme.

Figure 1: Chromatogram for six proteins separated on an Accucore 150-C4 HPLC column. 1. insulin, 2. cytochrome c, 3. lysozyme, 4. myoblobin, 5. carbonic anhydrase, 6. ovalbumin, * carbonic anhydrase impurity.

Conclusion

  • Accucore 150-C4 HPLC columns show excellent separation of six test proteins of differing mass (6–45 kDa) within 15 min

  • Good peak shape is observed for all proteins

  • The back pressure is compatible with use on a conventional HPLC system

Thermo Fisher Scientific

Tudor Road, Manor Park, Runcorn, Cheshire WA7 1TA, UK

tel. +44 (0) 1928 534110

Website: www.thermoscientific.com/chromatography