Use of Amine Additive in the Sample Diluent in a Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) Purification

February 1, 2012

The Application Notebook

The Application Notebook, The Application Notebook-02-01-2012, Volume 0, Issue 0

Basic compounds often require basic additives in the modifier to improve peak shape and resolution in SFC (1). These additives can be difficult to remove post-purification (2).

Basic compounds often require basic additives in the modifier to improve peak shape and resolution in SFC (1). These additives can be difficult to remove post-purification (2). In this application note, we present a chiral SFC purification of a proprietary AstraZeneca zwitterionic compound, containing a functionalized pyrimidone and other aromatic substituents, known to retain amine additives after isolation. Dimethylethylamine was added to the sample diluent to improve the chromatography and to avoid further purification of the desired stereoisomer to remove the amine.

Experimental Conditions

SFC System: Thar MultiGram III Preparative SFC

Column: Chiralpak AD-H, 5 µm, 30 × 250 mm

Modifier: Isopropanol

Mobile phase: 75% Carbon dioxide, 25% isopropanol

Flow rate: 120 mL/min

Detection: UV at 254 nm

Column temperature: 40 °C

Outlet pressure: 100 bar

Results

Figure 1 shows the chiral separation of an AZ compound in neutral modifier and sample diluent. Three peaks eluted off the semi-preparative column. The first peak contained a mixture of both stereoisomers. The second peak was primarily Stereoisomer 1, while the third peak was pure Stereoisomer 2. Previous batches of this compound were purified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using an amine additive in the modifier, and the NMR data showed that the isolated stereoisomers contained the amine after dry-down.

Figure 1: Semi-preparative chromatogram, 64 mg injection (loading: 4 mL of a 16 mg/mL sample solution). The sample diluent and the modifier were neutral.

Figure 2 shows the same separation with the addition of one percent of dimethylethylamine, by volume, to the sample diluent instead of the modifier. The amine eluted at the beginning of the run and the two stereoisomers were well-resolved.

Figure 2: Semi-preparative chromatogram, 128 mg injection (loading: 8 mL of a 16 mg/mL sample solution). Dimethylethylamine (1% by volume) was added to the sample diluent. The modifier was neutral.

Since Stereoisomer 2 was the desired compound, the stacking conditions were programmed to collect dimethylethylamine with Stereoisomer 1. Stereoisomer 2 was isolated and did not contain dimethylethlamine after dry-down.

Conclusions

The addition of dimethylethylamine to the sample diluent improved chromatography, and the lack of the amine in the modifier ensured its absence in the desired fraction. This eliminated the need for a subsequent purification for amine removal.

References

(1) M. Maftouh, C. Granier-Loyaux, E. Chavana, J. Marini, A. Pradines, Y.V. Heyden, and C. Picard, J. Chrom. A 1088, 67–81 (2005).

(2) C. Hamman, D.E. Schmidt Jr., M. Wong, and M. Hayes, J. Chrom. A 1218, 7886–7894 (2011).