Workflow Development for the Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Wine Using Liquid Chromatography Combined with Drift-Tube Ion Mobility–Mass Spectrometry
Here we propose an exemplary workflow for the analysis of phenolic extracts (i.e. wine) enabling confident differential analysis using high performance liquid chromatography in combination with low-field drift tube ion mobility quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC×IMS-QTOFMS). In this workflow, single-field collisional cross section values from low-field drift-tube IMS using nitrogen as drift gas (DTCCSN2) are readily extracted in addition to a retention time and a high resolution mass spectrum for each compound. “Alternating frames” experiments utilizing post-drift tube fragmentation also allow drift time-aligned MS/MS spectra to be obtained. Molecular feature extraction was highly repeatable with average precision values of 0.28% for retention time, 0.18% for drift time, and 1.5 ppm m/z determined for 233 molecular features found in all six technical replicates. The improved selectivity of this strategy increases confidence in intersample molecular feature alignment (i.e. compound identity confirmation), including the resolution of co-eluting isomeric compounds.