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LCGC Europe-10-01-2005

LCGC Europe

How To Buy Gas Calibration Mixes

October 01, 2005

GC Connections

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In January 2004, LCGC Europe published an article on methods for selecting pure gases for analytical applications. 1 Here, the authors expand on this topic by addressing questions regarding gas mixtures - defined simply as more than one gas in a cylinder.

Asymmetric Flow Field-Flow Fractionation (AF4) with Multi-Angle Light Scattering (MALS) for High-Throughput Protein Refolding

October 01, 2005

Protein Analysis

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One of the biggest problems facing researchers involved in pharmacogenomics is analysing the recombinant proteins of interest to monitor if they are in a folded state. This article describes a rapid and economical method using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation combined with multi-angle light scattering (AF4–MALS) to characterize refolded proteins, which overcomes some of the disadvantages associated with other techniques.

Benchmarking for Analytical Methods: The Horwitz Curve

October 01, 2005

Practical Data Handling

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Analytical chemists are concerned with the quality of their methods and results. An important question in this context is whether the precision of a newly developed and validated method is up to standard. In other words: is the precision of the newly developed method comparable to what could be expected? This article looks at how the Horwitz equation can answer this. It also describes the results of an extensive study involving 10000 laboratories which indicates that the relative reproducibility approximately doubles for every 100-fold decrease in concentration and that, surprisingly, it does not depend on the type of material or method.

Evaluation of Fatty Acids as Biochemical Markers for Source Identification of Indian Opium

October 01, 2005

Forensic Analysis

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This method describes an attempt to identify the source of licit Indian opium based on the fatty acid profile. The analysis was based on gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization (FID) and mass spectrometric detectors (MS). A total of 124 Indian opium samples were collected and fingerprinted for the presence of various fatty acids. Qualitative analysis of fatty acids indicated the acids such as behenic, stearic and lignoceric were significant biochemical markers, making it a useful method to identify the source of opium for forensic purposes.

Broad Peaks

October 01, 2005

LC Troubleshooting

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A problem that is encountered occasionally in liquid chromatography (LC) separations is the presence of unusually broad peaks in the chromatogram. This problem is seen most often in isocratic separations, but it can occur with gradients as well. This month's instalment of "LC Troubleshooting" will cover some techniques to help determine the reason these wide peaks are seen.