Aflatoxins occur naturally in peanuts, cottonseed, corn, and dried chili pepper, as well as many mixed or processed foods and feeds.
Maria Ofitserova, Pickering Laboratories, Inc.
Aflatoxins occur naturally in peanuts, cottonseed, corn, and dried chili pepper, as well as many mixed or processed foods and feeds. A simple, sensitive, and robust HPLC method with post-column photochemical derivatization and fluorescence detection was used to analyze Aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 in peanut butter and ground peanuts. The UVE™ (LCTech, Germany) photochemical reactor requires no additional reagents and is easy to install between the HPLC column and FLD detector.
Figure 1: Chromatograms of a) naturally contaminated peanuts; b) NIST SRM2387 peanut butter sample. All samples are part of NIST Exercise E (April 2010).
The extracts were cleaned by using AflaCLEAN™ (LCTech, Germany) Immunoaffinity columns that offer high recoveries for Aflatoxins even with the most challenging matrices. No matrix interferences were present after the sample clean up. AcceCLEAN™ (LCTech, Germany), an automated system that processes three samples at a time, was used for handling the Immunoaffinity columns. Instrumentation allows for quick and efficient detection of Aflatoxins at low ppb level.
Table I: Peanut butter (NIST SRM2387) â control sample
Blend 20 g of sample at high speed with extraction solution (100 mL of methanol/water 80/20, 50 mL of Hexane, 2 g NaCl) and filter through fluted paper. Dilute 14 mL of aqueous layer with 86 mL of PBS buffer (pH 7.2), filter and apply 11 mL of solution on AflaCLEAN™ Immunoafinity column. The toxins are eluted with 2 mL of methanol and analyzed using HPLC with photochemical derivatization.
Table II: Naturally contaminated ground peanuts
Analytical column: Mycotox™ (Pickering Laboratories, Inc), C18, 4.6 × 250 mm
HPLC eluent: Sodium Phosphate buffer (Cat #1700-1108)/methanol/acetonitrile (57/28/15)
Flow rate: 1 mL/min
Injection volume: 30 μL
FLD Excitation 365 nm, Emission 430 nm
Results and Discussion
There were no matrix interferences present after the sample clean up using the Immunoaffinity columns. The results for all Aflatoxins are in good agreement with certified NIST values and with the results obtained by other methods.
Pickering Laboratories, Inc.
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