In general, polymer-based columns have a broad pH range (pH 2 to 13), and some have high temperature tolerance (up to 150Â°C or higher). Considerably large selectivity changes can be obtained by varying analysis temperature and mobile phase pH. Having control on these two parameters over wide ranges can be especially useful in method development.
Ken Tseng1 , Gerd Vanhoenacker2 , Takashi Kotsuka3 , and Pat Sandra2 ,1 Shodex, Showa Denko American, Inc., 2 Research Institute for Chromatography, and 3 Showa Denko K.K.
In general, polymer-based columns have a broad pH range (pH 2 to 13), and some have high temperature tolerance (up to 150°C or higher). Considerably large selectivity changes can be obtained by varying analysis temperature and mobile phase pH. Having control on these two parameters over wide ranges can be especially useful in method development.
At high temperature,
A new polymer-based reversed-phase HPLC column, Shodex ET-RP1, was developed jointly between Research Institute for Chromatography (RIC) and Shodex. It provides,
System: Agilent 1100
Column oven: SandraSelerity Technologies, Polaratherm
Mobile phase: A = ammonium acetate pH 8 in water
B = acetonitrile
Temperature: 40 to 150°C
Flow rate: 0.5 to 2.4 mL/min
High temperature is especially beneficial for polymer-based column performance. This is mainly due to the decreased mobile phase viscosity, thus, enhanced diffusion rate between mobile phase and polymer-based stationary phase. The relatively low efficiency of polymer-based columns that generally is a major drawback can be overcome by applying high temperature, resulting in sharp peaks. The decreased solvent viscosity means flow rate can be increased significantly while maintaining a conventional HPLC pressure. Less organic solvents are needed at high temperature means less impact on the environment (and your budget). The results are even better if the flow rate is increased to greatly shorten analysis time, up to five times faster.
Furthermore, polymer-based columns have the advantage over silica-based in that they can be applied in a much wider pH range (pH 2 to 13) and at higher temperatures (up to 150 °C or higher). This expands the application range for these types of stationary phases. pH and temperature can be used more extensively in method development. The potential catalytic activity originating from the stationary phase material is substantially smaller in polymer-based columns compared to silica- and zirconium-based columns. Consequently the risk for sample degradation at high temperature conditions is reduced. In these experiments, the Shodex ET-RP1 column has shown good durability.
Shodex, Showa Denko America, Inc.
489 Fifth Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10017
tel. (212) 370-0033
fax (212) 370-4566