Eric Lesellier | Authors


Mixed-Mode Chromatography—A Review

Mixed-mode high performance liquid chromatography (MM-HPLC) involves the combined use of two (or more) retention mechanisms in a single chromatographic system. Many original stationary phases have been proposed in recent years with promising possibilities, while applications have only started to appear in the literature. In this review, the authors discuss mixed-mode chromatography stationary phases. An overview of applications using mixed-mode chromatography is described, as well as the increased interest in mixed-mode systems for two-dimensional chromatography.

A Simple and Interactive Column Classification for Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography: The Carotenoid Test, Part I: Studied Properties, Probes, and Fundamentals

Cartenoid compounds can be used as probes for studying the stationary bonded phases devoted for reversed-phase liquid chromatography, that is, C18, phenyl-hexyl, and cholester. From one analysis achieved in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) that favors the chromatographic behaviors due to the stationary phase properties, bonding density, ligand type (monomeric or polymeric), and endcapping treatment, two separation factors are calculated allowing us to build a bi-dimentional map. These two axes are related either to the shape selectivity or the polar surface activity (residual silalnos). Each point on the map corresponds to a column. The retention factor of beta-carotene, which describes the phase hydrophobicity, is indicated by the size of the point. More than 200 stationary phases were studied, including small particle sizes and superficially porous ones. Moreover, the results are now available on a website, allowing you to check and compare, by selecting the required tabs, columns, manufacturer brands, and ligand nature.