Sophia Barhdadi works as a scientific collaborator for Sciensano. She obtained her Ph.D. in pharmaceutical sciences with her research on the chemical and toxicological assessment of e-cigarette liquids. She is continuing her research on e-cigarettes and related products in Sciensano.
HS-GC analysis is presented as an excellent method for the analysis of high volatile components in e-liquids. For the analysis of semivolatile ingredients, an additional sample preparation step is proposed based on a LLE followed by a freeze-out of the matrix components.