Tamara Vanhaecke has a Ph.D. in pharmaceutical sciences, is full professor in toxicology and head of the department In Vitro Toxicology and Dermato-Cosmetology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Her research is focused on the development of human relevant liver-based in vitro systems to detect chemical‑induced liver toxicity or injury. She also collaborates in several research projects that address toxicity concerns related to different types of consumer products.
HS-GC analysis is presented as an excellent method for the analysis of high volatile components in e-liquids. For the analysis of semivolatile ingredients, an additional sample preparation step is proposed based on a LLE followed by a freeze-out of the matrix components.