Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is increasingly being used in vaccine analysis. Applications include vaccine quantification, purity assessment, process monitoring, characterization and nucleic acid analysis. CE has been used because it offers advantages over other techniques. Vaccine manufacturers such as Sanofi-Aventis, Merck and Wyeth are actively investigating the use of CE for vaccine analysis. While CE can be considered a mature technique, its application to vaccine release and characterization has been limited. It is difficult to ascertain if its use is expanding because there are still a small amount of publications, but given the inherent advantages of CE and the need for better analytical techniques in vaccine analysis, the application must be growing. This article illustrates some of the uses of CE in vaccine analysis.