This application note details an optimized method for the extraction and cleanup of pesticide residues from coffee using a QuEChERS extraction procedure followed by a silica gel SPE cleanup.
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, partly due to the stimulating effect of its caffeine content. Like most crops, the application of pesticides in coffee cultivation is a common practice to increase production yields. This application note details an optimized method for the extraction and cleanup of pesticide residues from coffee using a QuEChERS extraction procedure followed by a silica gel SPE cleanup.
a) Add 10 mL brewed coffee (pH adjusted to about 8 with 1 N NaOH) and 10 mL acetonitrile (MeCN) to a 50-mL centrifuge tube.
b) Add the QuEChERS extraction salts from the Mylar pouch (ECMSSC50CT-MP) to the 50-mL tube, and shake vigorously for 1 min manually or using a Spex 2010 Geno-Grinder at 1000 strokes/min.
c) Centrifuge at ≥3000 rcf for 5 min.
d) Transfer 5 mL supernatant to a clean test tube, add 1.5 mL toluene, and evaporate to about 1 mL.
Sample Cleanup of Extract:
a) Add about ½ inch of anhydrous sodium sulfate to a silica gel SPE cartridge (CUSIL156), and attach the SPE cartridge to a glass block or positive pressure manifold.
b) Wash the SPE cartridge with 6 mL dichloromethane, soak for 1 min, drain to waste, and dry the SPE cartridge for 1 min under full vacuum or pressure.
c) Condition the SPE cartridge with 2 × 6 mL hexane by gravity.
d) Insert glass collection container into the manifold, load the 1 mL concentrated sample onto the SPE cartridge, rinse the test tube with 6 mL of 15% acetone in n-hexane and apply the rinsate to the SPE cartridge, and collect.
e) Continue to elute with 3 × 6 mL of 15% acetone in n-hexane by gravity.
f) Add 1.5 mL ethyl acetate to the eluate container and evaporate to 1 mL.
g) Add internal standard, vortex for 30 s, and inject 1 μL into the GC–MS system for analysis.
GC–MS/MS: Agilent 6890N GC coupled to a 5975C MSD
Column: Restek Rxi®-5Sil MS (30 m × 0.25 mm, 0.25-µm)
Carrier gas: Helium (1.2 mL/min)
GC inlet temp.: 250 °C
Injection volume: 1 μL (splitless)
Temp gradient: 60 °C for 1 min, 10 °C/min to 310 °C, hold for 2 min; 28 min total
Ion source temp.: 250 °C
Ionization mode: EI (70 eV)
Acquisition mode: SIM
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