Two Novel Multi-Mode Columns, SS-C18 and SW-C18, Provide Effective Separation of Catecholamines and siRNA

The Application Notebook

The Application Notebook, The Application Notebook-09-01-2011, Volume 0, Issue 0

HPLC analysis of polar ionic compounds, such as catecholamines and siRNA, can be challenging due to the nature of their structures. Small polar compounds like catecholamines can be diffcult to retain and siRNA can be difficult to elute in reverse phase mode. The Scherzo Family of HPLC columns (SS-C18, SM-C18, and SW-C18) can overcome these challenges.

HPLC analysis of polar ionic compounds, such as catecholamines and siRNA, can be challenging due to the nature of their structures. Small polar compounds like catecholamines can be diffcult to retain and siRNA can be difficult to elute in reverse phase mode. The Scherzo Family of HPLC columns (SS-C18, SM-C18, and SW-C18) can overcome these challenges.

Experimental

All data was generated with a semi-micro HPLC system equipped with UV or ELS detection. Separation of catecholamines was performed comparing three 150 × 3 mm columns, the Scherzo SS-C18, Scherzo SM-C18, and Scherzo SW-C18. All three phases contain ODS ligands, anion ligands, and cation ligands. However, each phase has different amounts of ionic ligands with different ionic strengths, as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Three novel multi-mode stationary phases.

Separation of siRNA was performed using the SW-C18 of dimensions 150 × 3 mm and gradient elution, as shown in Figure 3. SW-C18 shows multiple peaks for the separation of commercial siRNA reagents, which means that the hydrophobic and ionic components of the stationary phase are recognizing structural components in the siRNA.

Figure 2: Scherzo SS-C18 offers better retention of catecholamines.

Discussion and Results

The new multi-mode SS-C18 column shows improved retention and separation of catecholamines. Alternatively, the new multi-mode SW-C18 column is not only able to elute siRNA, but also able to recognize its structural components. These two new multi-mode columns will be beneficial to scientists who are looking for better selectivity than a conventional ODS column.

Figure 3: Scherzo SW-C18 elutes siRNA and recognizes structural components.

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