Stepan Podzimek | Authors


The Benefits of Multi‐angle Light Scattering for Size‐Exclusion Chromatography

Analytical size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) often suffers from several limitations. This article shows how some of these limitations can be partly (or even completely) resolved by a multi-angle light scattering (MALS) detector for the determination of molar mass distributions of synthetic and natural polymers.

Molecular Structure of Poly(Lactic-co-Glycolic acid) by SEC with Advanced Detection

The macroscopic properties of material based on poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymers are tunable by molar mass distribution and degree of branching, enabling optimization for applications in the pharmaceutical and medical industries. Size-exclusion chromatography followed by online multi-angle light scattering with intrinsic viscosity detection (SEC–MALS–IV) is an advanced analytical method for determining absolute molar mass distributions, identifying polymer conformation and quantifying branching. SEC–MALS–IV overcomes the errors that can be encountered in molar mass determined by conventional SEC, which arise from chemical composition and molecular structure, and provides comprehensive characterization of PLGA to facilitate the targeted development of optimized polymer.

Asymmetric Flow Field Flow Fractionation: A Powerful Method for Polymer Characterization

Recent development of the instrumentation for asymmetric flow field flow fractionation (FFF) brings new possibilities for the characterization of synthetic and natural polymers with several advantages over traditionally used size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The main difference of asymmetric flow FFF compared to SEC is that the polymer separation takes place in an entirely empty channel, which eliminates undesirable SEC effects such as shearing degradation of polymers with ultra high molar mass, anchoring of branched macromolecules in SEC column packing, and enthalpic interactions of polymer molecules with a stationary phase.