The Application Notebook-12-01-2015

The Application Notebook

Generally speaking, chromate - Cr(VI) - is classified as allergenic, carcinogenic, and extremely toxic and is subject to strict monitoring. Cr(VI) can occur in various concentrations in different areas, for example, drinking water, toys, or textile and leather products. Metrohm has developed ion chromatographic determination methods for determining Cr(VI) in various concentration ranges (ng/L to mg/L) with inline sample preparation techniques for various matrices. The method can be almost entirely automated. In the following application note, we present the analysis of hexavalent chromium in toys, leather, and drinking water.

This application outlines a simple, fast, and cost-effective method for the determination of 34 multi-class pesticides, including one of the most problematic pesticides, pymetrozine in blueberries.

This application note discusses the comprehensive 2D‑LC analysis of green and black tea. The purine alkaloids caffeine and theobromine, as well as the catechins catechin, epicatechin, and epigallocatechin gallate, are quantified.

Herbs and spices are used in many food preparations, and identifying the differences between samples is of particular interest to manufacturers, both for ongoing quality control and to compare their products against competitors. However, the volatile organic compound (VOC) profiles of such samples often differ in the relative abundance of key components, and these differences can be difficult to assess by traditional methods such as solvent extraction, equilibrium headspace, or solid-phase microextraction (SPME).

Herbs are widely used in many food products, but substantial variations in aroma can result from differences in growing conditions or preparation of the plant material, which can affect product quality.

Although pesticides protect crops and plants, they are known to be harmful and of toxicological significance. In order to ensure the safety of the food chain and to protect consumers, fast and reliable methods for the qualification and quantification of residual chemicals, contaminants, and pesticides in food and feed are essential. This article describes the method development and optimization of a fast and simple high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) assay for the separation, qualification, and quantification of common pesticides.

The market for lactose-free products is growing rapidly and constantly and Europe is a worldwide leader in the lactose‑free market. Between 2012 and 2016 the sales of lactose-free products are expected to increase by 75%.