Enantiomeric Separation of Proton Pump Inhibitors Using Polysaccharide-Based Chiral Stationary Phases in Reversed-Phase HPLC Conditions

June 1, 2011
Michael McCoy

,
Kari Carlson

,
Jeff Layne

,
Phenomenex, Inc.

,
Liming Peng

The Application Notebook

The Application Notebook, The Application Notebook-06-01-2011, Volume 0, Issue 0

The chiral analysis and purification of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has become a popular topic as more of these drugs fall out of patent protection each year. Due to their wide range of enantiomeric selectivity, a set of polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was screened to identify methods for the successful enantioseparation of four benzimidazoles; rabeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, and pantoprazole.

The chiral analysis and purification of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has become a popular topic as more of these drugs fall out of patent protection each year. Due to their wide range of enantiomeric selectivity, a set of polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was screened to identify methods for the successful enantioseparation of four benzimidazoles; rabeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, and pantoprazole.

Experimental

A screening protocol was performed on five different polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases under reversed phase conditions using Lux® 5 μm columns (Table I). To reduce solvent usage, 150 × 4.6 mm columns were used for the initial screen. Once the best chiral stationary phase was identified for each sample, the mobile phase conditions were further optimized on 250 mm length columns of the same particle size and diameter to get increased resolution. Additional optimization of the chromatographic conditions with respect to retention, enantioseparation, and resolution was achieved by variation of the mobile phase constituents at room temperature.

Table I: Lux® chiral stationary phases

Results and Conclusions

The HPLC analysis of the four benzimidazoles allows for fast and accurate identification of their enantiomers. We have shown analytical techniques in reversed phase conditions conducive to MS detection for each. Preparative techniques can be explored using these analytical techniques by first optimizing mobile phase conditions for best resolution and selectivity followed by loading tests.

Figure 1: Figures 1a through 1d show the racemic mixtures of lansoprazole, omeprazole, rabeprazole, and pantoprazole. In Figure 1a, the single enantiomer, dexlansoprazole, is labeled as peak 2. In Figure 1b, the single enantiomer, esomeprazole, is labeled as peak 1.

Phenomenex, Inc.

411 Madrid Avenue, Torrance, CA 90501

tel. (310) 212-0555, fax (310)328-7768

Website: www.phenomenex.com

Related Content:

News