Addressing the Challenges of Drug-to-Antibody Measurement
Antibody–drug conjugates (ADC) are an emerging pharmaceutical technology, with the potential of being the true “magic bullet”. However, these inherently complex biomolecules have unique analytical challenges. One is the determination of the drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR). The average DAR and the drug distribution need to be monitored and could determine the success of an ADC. This article discusses the chromatographic methods used to determine DAR, including hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC), reversed phase, and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS).