Gel filtration chromatography (GFC) is the most widely used method for quantitating protein aggregates in therapeutic drugs. It is a simple method, but prone to error as a result of poor method development and column selection. GFC columns tend to non-specifically adsorb large proteins and aggregates resulting in poor quantitation of “true” aggregate amount. Sample “priming” and mobile phase optimization can help reduce such irregularities. Simple method development rules using new column technologies are presented that demonstrate improved accuracy for these methods.
The global demand for fish as a natural source of fresh animal protein, essential fats, minerals, and vitamins continues to rise with the human population.
Ultrahigh-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) columns are used in peptide mapping to improve the resolution of highly complex peptide mixtures. It is commonly assumed that small particle columns increase performance, but this is not always the case. This study presents a comparison of peak count, column length, and resolution between core–shell and fully porous UHPLC columns.
Although gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is not as widely used as other chromatography methods, it continues to be a useful technique for analyzing the size and solution characteristics of organic polymers. In this study, GPC was applied to analyze different polar polymers that are commonly used in drug excipients. As a result of their polarity, some specialized operating conditions were required. Optimizing the separation brought to light many of the common parameters involved in optimizing GPC separations, and those are discussed in detail here.
Phenomenex Application Note
A new 3.6 µm 100 Å HPLC–UHPLC column (Aeris PEPTIDE) has been introduced that is specifically designed to improve separations of peptide and peptide mapping applications.