This article looks at the benefits of combining dynamic headspace sampling (DHS) with capillary GC–TOF-MS as a tool for untargeted analysis of aroma compounds in food and beverages. Applications for the analysis of strawberry yoghurt, chocolate, and red wine are described.
On-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) embracing mainly comprehensive LC (LC×LC) and multiple heart-cutting LC (mLC–LC) offers new opportunities for in-depth characterization of pharmaceuticals. Reversed-phase LC × reversed-phase LC using different column chemistries and mobile phases provides good orthogonality for a wide range of applications related to small molecule drugs. Moreover, hardware configurations and software are now commercially available to perform LC×LC and mLC–LC measurements in a reproducible manner.