Online 2D-LC is a powerful—and accessible—tool for analyzing pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical samples, in both R&D and QC. It’s now easier than ever to develop 2D-LC methods, and they can be run in a fully automated manner.
This article looks at the benefits of combining dynamic headspace sampling (DHS) with capillary GC–TOF-MS as a tool for untargeted analysis of aroma compounds in food and beverages. Applications for the analysis of strawberry yoghurt, chocolate, and red wine are described.
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are being developed at an explosive rate and have attracted great interest from both smaller biotech firms and big pharmaceutical companies. Developing mAbs and next-generation antibody–drug conjugates (ADCs) is highly demanding in many ways. From an analytical perspective, handling mAbs and ADCs presents many new challenges. This article describes how size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) combined with high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) can be applied to the detailed characterization of mAbs and ADCs.